(A. von Menzel, The iron rolling mill (1875). The Industrial Revolution brings about a change in living conditions, which reflects on philosophical, economic and political thought.) The philosophy of the nineteenth century is divided into different directions. It includes Romantic … Read More
The atomic theory is a theory of the nature of matter, that matter is composed of discrete units called atoms that has supplanted ancient beliefs that matter can be broken down into infinitely small divisions. The ancient atomist theory The … Read More
The philosophy of art designates both the almost constant interest of philosophers for art since antiquity and a discipline more or less conceived as autonomous since the end of the eighteenth century. For the historian of philosophy Michel Blay, two … Read More
Hans Reichenbach, who was close to logical positivism, distinguished between the context of justification and the context of discovery. The context of discovery refers to the process that results in proposing a theoretical result, whereas the context of justification concerns … Read More
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(Representation of faculties of the human mind.) The mind is the totality of phenomena and mental faculties: perception, affectivity, intuition, thought, concept, judgment, morality … In many religious traditions, it is a principle of the intangible life of the human … Read More
The expression naïve realism indicates a set of philosophical conceptions of perception (and by extension a set of realistic metaphysical conceptions), sometimes also called common-sense realism, direct realism , or natural realism , which strongly re-evaluate (in different ways ) the concept of common sense. (Naïve realism argues we perceive … Read More
Deterrence is a theory that one can prevent someone from doing something by fear of potential consequences. (The USS Growler, one of two submarines designed to provide a nuclear deterrence using missile cruise with a 500-mile (800 km) range-placed on … Read More