First or only principle Philosophers have conceived of divinity in very different ways. For some, polytheism does not exclude a supreme divine principle like the logos or “immanent reason of the Universe” for the Stoics, but it is more a … Read More
Doctrine Epistemology According to empiricism, the foundation and the first source of knowledge are found in experience. For certain empiricists like George Berkeley, who thus take up a nominalist thesis, only singular objects and phenomena are real. Empiricism in general, … Read More
From the Three Kingdoms to the Late Tang School of the New Text or the Old Text, at the fall of the Han dynasty the two parties are equally blamed for having lost themselves in sterile scholastic debates and for … Read More
The self-publishing of a book is not limited to the paper format, the e-book format is also very common. Digital self-publishing, by freeing the author-publisher from the constraints of printing and paper, distribution via traditional networks, or dispatch by post, … Read More
Greek Antiquity and the Modern Age: appearance and resurgence of mechanism Materialism has developed in a mechanistic form since antiquity. The Ionian philosophers of the school of Miletus – Thales, Anaximenes, Anaximander – seem to be the first materialist philosophers … Read More
Internalism and externalism According to Frege and Russell, the meaning of words is largely identified with their concept. Each word thus connotes a concept, that is to say a set of predicates which makes it possible to form a class … Read More
Doctrine The term “Buddhism”, of Western invention, is commonly used to designate, in the form of a somewhat rough translation, the “Dharma (teaching, doctrine) of the Buddha”, 佛教 (fójiào) in Chinese, bukkyō in Japanese , nang pa sangs rgyas pa’i … Read More
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